19th Century


In 1830, Mrs. Anne Royall, a notoriously critical travel writer, followed the road to Buckland.  In her book, Mrs. Royall’s Southern Tour, she described the town as “a romantic, lively, business doing village, situated on a rapid, rolling stream…several manufactories are propelled by this stream which adds much to the scenery.  Buckland owns the largest distillery I have seen in my travels.  The buildings, vats and vessels are quite a show.  There is also flour manufactory here on a very extensive scale – the stream is a fund of wealth to the citizens…encompassed with rising grounds and rocks, the roaring of the water-falls, and the town stretching up to the tops of the hills, was truly picturesque.”  She further described Buckland as “a real Yankee town for business.”  It was also hailed “the Lowell of Prince William” some years later in the Manassas Journal.  Constant travel brought new enterprises, such as the Pony Express and William Smith’s Stagecoach Line.  By 1835, Buckland was a thriving stagecoach town complete with its own Post Office in 1800 and Stagecoach Inn.  Martin’s Gazeteer of Virginia 1835 lists the population, “130 whites; of whom 1 is a physician; and 50 blacks.”  The African-American citizens of Buckland, from the beginning, were skilled laborers and many owned land and slaves of their own in the late eighteenth century.  Rather than assume the name of another, one former slave who must have been proud of his work in the Buckland Distillery, called himself “Ned Distiller,” and is listed on the 1810 census as freed.  Samuel King of Buckland, freeman of colour, emancipated his wife and others in 1811.

1820 Map